Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Di mana letaknya ibu?


Artikel ini saya tujukan buat semua pembaca tidak kira yang tua, remaja, atau kanak-kanak..

-Siapa teman luahan hati kita?

Cuba fikirkan siapa yang selalu menjadi tempat luahan hati kita? Adakah kawan-kawan? Kekasih? Kakak atau adik angkat? Atau ibu kita? Bagi remaja masa kini mungkin kawan-kawan adalah teman yang selalu dicari ketika ditimpa masalah. Mungkin kerana tinggal berjauhan dengan keluarga, maka kawan lebih senang dicari. Kadangkala kita lebih senang bermesej atau menelefon kawan atau kekasih berbanding ibu kita. Sampaikan seminggu atau sebulan baru teringat pada ibu. Itu pun jika duit belanja sudah habis atau ibu yang tekan nombor anak yang dirindui. Btul ke??

-Sebelum membuat keputusan, siapa yang kita tanya dahulu?

Contohnya hendak pergi ke kolej mana? Atau calon suami, calon isteri? Selalunya kita tanya siapa ya? Ibu kita kah? Atau siapa?

-Siapa yang lebih kita sayang?

Mungkin ada yang menjawab kekasih, ibu, kawan-kawan atau sebagainya

Kalau kita sayang seseorang, apa yang kita lakukan untuk insan tersebut? Apa yang ingin saya maksudkan adalah di mana letaknya ibu di dalam hati kita? Setiap saat ibu kita akan ingat pada kita, tetapi kita? Pernahkah kita bercakap kasar pada ibu kita? Atau membantah kata-katanya? Saya amat kesal dengan perangai anak-anak muda sekarang yang lebih mengutamakan kekasih daripada ibu sendiri. Walaupun sudah berkahwin, bergelar suami atau isteri, jangan sesekali abaikan ibu bapa kita. Suami atau isteri boleh dicari, tetapi ibu dan ayah tiada pengganti. Utamakan ibu bapa kita walau apa jua keadaan. Pernah ketika zaman Rasulullah s.a.w, seorang pemuda lebih mengutamakn isterinya daripada ibunya. Ketika ajal menjemput, pemuda itu sangat tersiksa kerana ibunya tidak mahu memaafkannya. Sehinggalah Rasulullah ingin membakar mayat pemuda itu barulah ibunya ingin memaafkannya.

Sewaktu kecil..

Ketika kita kecil, ibulah yang akan bangun lewat malam untuk dodoikan kita. Ketika kita sakit, ibu yang paling risau walaupun kita hanya demam sedikit. Ketika kita kahwin, ibulah yang paling pening memikirkan urusan majlis.Ketika kita ada peperiksaan, ibulah yang paling banyak berfikir dan berdoa, dan ketika kita susah ibulah orang yang paling senang dan ikhlas menolong kita.

Who should I give my love to?
My respect and my honor to
Who should I pay good mind to?
After Allah
And Rasulullah

Comes your mother
Who next? Your mother
Who next? Your mother
And then your father
Cause who used to hold you 
And clean you and clothes you
Who used to feed you?
And always be with you
When you were sick 
Stay up all night
Holding you tight
That?s right no other
My mother

Who should I take good care of?
Giving all my love
Who should I think most of?
After Allah 
And Rasulullah
Comes your mother
Who next? Your mother
Who next? Your mother
And then your father
Cause who used to hear you
Before you could talk
Who used to hold you?
Before you could walk
And when you fell who picked you up
Clean your cut
No one but your mother
My mother

Who should I say why close to?
Listen most to
Never say no to
After Allah
And Rasulullah
Comes your mother
Who next? Your mother
Who next? Your mother
And then your father
Cause who used to hug you
And buy you new clothes
Calm your head
And blow your nose
And when you cry
Who wiped your tears?
Knows your fears
Who really cares?
My mother

Say Alhamdulillah
Thank you Allah
Thank you Allah
For my mother.

Cintai ibu bapa kita..dan kita akan dicintai Allah


Thursday, September 18, 2008

Ethics-Animal Cloning

EU ethics panel opposes animal cloning for food

By James Kanter

Published: January 17, 2008

BRUSSELS: Just days after being told that milk and meat from cloned livestock appeared safe for human consumption; Europeans were warned Thursday that cloning causes suffering to the animals themselves.

A report by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies says that the risks of negative effects were grave enough to keep cloned products off the European market.

There are "doubts as to whether cloning animals for food supply is ethically justified," the group said in a statement. "At present," the group said, it does "not see convincing arguments to justify the production of food from clones and their offspring."

The group on ethics consists of 15 experts appointed by the European Commission, the EU executive, and reports directly to the European Commission president, José Manuel Barroso. Its mission is to examine ethical questions arising from science and new technologies and to advice on possible legislation to govern those realms.

The group said that surrogates carrying cloned embryos could suffer and that some clones themselves experienced a high rate of disease and health problems that include increased weight, malformations, respiratory problems, enlarged livers, hemorrhaging and kidney abnormalities.

In cattle, the group's statement said, about 20 percent of cloned calves do not survive the first 24 hours after birth and an additional 15 percent die before weaning.

The group's assertions followed a separate, preliminary report by the European Food Safety Authority. That group based in Parma, Italy, and tasked with advising members of the commission and EU governments, said on Jan. 11 that cloned products appeared to be safe for human consumption.

The food authority's definitive report is expected in May.

"Both studies are important, and you can't say we will favor either one of them," Nina Papadoulaki, the commission's spokeswoman on health issues, said Thursday.

Papadoulaki said the commission would weigh the opinions it had received so far and would soon open a public consultation. But she was unable to give a time line for a commission decision on cloned food, or to say whether legislation would be necessary.

Cloning remains a very expensive process so consumers are unlikely to find cloned products on supermarket shelves anytime soon, Papadoulaki said. "We don't believe that someone would make a clone just to slaughter it and make it into steaks," she said.

The dueling opinions in Europe are circulating as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has found such products safe.

The EU authorities are at a more preliminary stage than their American counterparts in assessing cloning and are looking at a broader spectrum of issues before deciding on the acceptability of cloned products, Papadoulaki said.

In its statement Thursday, the group on ethics said assurances about animal welfare, traceability, public acceptability and steps to preserve domesticated breeds were required before food products from cloned animals could be made available in Europe.

The group also recommended further research on species of farm-raised animals, in addition to those covered in the report by the European Food Safety Authority, which dealt only with pigs and cattle.

Ethical Issues of Cloning

Is cloning equivalent to "playing God?" Here is a discussion about the ethical issues of cloning humans.

In the movie Jurassic Park, based on the best-selling book of the same name by Michael Crichton, scientists clone dinosaurs by using the DNA that was preserved for millions of years. However, there is trouble when the cloned dinosaurs turn out fiercer and smarter than expected. Can dinosaurs really be cloned? Theoretically, they can; all that would be required is DNA from an extinct dinosaur and a currently living closely related species which would act as a surrogate mother. In fact, there is ongoing research to clone the Woolly Mammoth by extracting the DNA from frozen animals.

Actually, cloning is a phenomenon that occurs naturally in a wide variety of species from aphids to armadillos, to poplar trees, to bacteria. Whenever you see a pair of identical twins, they are examples of nature’s clones. Although scientists have been cloning certain organisms like the carrot quite successfully for decades, attempts at cloning animals have not been as successful. However, they began long before the birth of Dolly, the sheep – the first mammal to be successfully cloned. There were sporadic successes at cloning other animals, like CC (abbreviation for ‘copycat’), the first cat to be cloned, an Asian gaur, an endangered species, which Bessie, a cow, gave birth to, and way back in the 1960’s, frogs being cloned, albeit with limited success. In fact, in the 1980s, some companies tried commercializing the cloning of livestock by the process of taking the nuclei from fetuses and embryos. These efforts generally resulted in failure because the newborns usually did not survive for long due to being unhealthy. Livestock cloning, currently, is still in the process of research. However, it is generally accepted that in time the scientific viability of producing healthy clones will become a reality.

The Technology

In February 1997, the Roslin Institute and PPL Therapeutics plc announced the first production of Dolly, the cloned sheep who was the first mammal to be cloned from the somatic tissue of an adult. Dolly was of almost the same genetic composition as the sheep from whose cells she was developed, but she was not genetically engineered as such. Five months later, on 24 July, PPL announced that Polly, a genetically engineered lamb, had been produced by the same method of nuclear transfer that had produced Dolly. In addition to her usual complement of sheep genes, she also contained a human gene which had been added to the cells while they were still a cell culture. The full details of the work have yet to be published, but this represents an important development.

The gene is one intended to produce a therapeutically useful protein in the milk of the sheep. Genetically modified sheep of this general kind have been produced by Roslin and PPL for a number of years, using a "conventional" method of genetic manipulation known as micro-injection. Now this manipulation has been achieved by the Roslin's nuclear transfer method. This was the next logical step for Roslin and PPL from producing Dolly, and although not as dramatic a piece of science as Dolly, it represents possibly a more important breakthrough in what it could mean for animal genetic engineering. Its technical significance is that in principle it gives geneticists a far more precise way of doing genetic manipulation, and a far wider range of genetic changes which they could do in farm animals, compared with the limited and rather "hit and miss" methods which have been used hitherto.

What does this mean Ethically?

From an ethical point of view, this does not pose any particular new problems. In May the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland expressed an overall approval for the Roslin and PPL work towards producing therapeutic proteins in the sheep's milk. It expressed serious concerns about cloning of animals, if the nuclear transfer methods which produced Dolly were to be done routinely in agricultural production. But it saw no objection to their use for the very limited purpose of producing transgenic sheep for producing therapeutic proteins, which PPL have just announced. Polly indeed represents the logical next step in this work.

This is not to say that all genetic modification of sheep or other animals is necessarily justified, but this area of application is ethically acceptable in that it offers significant human medical benefits, with a relatively small intervention in the animals. It is also important to recognize that these are preliminary results. It remains to be seen how effective the method would prove in other circumstances, or on other animals.

Animal Welfare Questions

There are many unknowns about the nuclear transfer technology and the way it works. As pointed out at the time of earlier Dolly announcement, much development work is necessary, and in particular, assurances will be needed that the animal welfare aspects would be acceptable. Important questions have been raised about the number of failed pregnancies and unusually large progeny which appear to be resulting from the nuclear transfer experiments which Roslin have performed to date. While the suffering does not appear to be so extreme that one would wish to put a stop to this work already, it is clearly necessary to understand the causes and establish whether the problems can be prevented, before the method could be allowed for more general use. It would seem fair to allow the Roslin scientists a chance to do this. If after a reasonable time there seemed little prospect doing so, then one would have to review whether it was ethical to go ahead any further. Roslin themselves have indicated they would not wish to proceed with a technique which was shown to have insoluble welfare problems.

A short review…

Basically, there are different types of cloning however, and cloning technologies can be used for other purposes besides producing the genetic twin of another organism. A basic understanding of the different types of cloning is key to taking an informed stance on current public policy issues and making the best possible personal decisions. Animals that are being cloned are cats, cows, frogs and so on. The following three types of cloning technologies are:

(1) recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning,

(2) reproductive cloning, and

(3) therapeutic cloning.

Celebrity Sheep Died at Age 6

Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned from adult DNA, was put down by lethal injection Feb. 14, 2003. Prior to her death, Dolly had been suffering from lung cancer and crippling arthritis. Although most Finn Dorset sheep live to be 11 to 12 years of age, postmortem examination of Dolly seemed to indicate that, other than her cancer and arthritis, she appeared to be quite normal. The unnamed sheep from which Dolly was cloned had died several years prior to her creation. Dolly was a mother to six lambs, bred the old-fashioned way.

Just a simple summary…(^_^)

The three articles up there discuss about the ethics in animal cloning. Basically, the main purpose of animal cloning is to produce better species from current organism. One of the animals that had been cloned is Dolly the sheep, which suffered from a lung cancer and died after several years. Most people didn’t agree to this process as it always brings more harm to the animals involved. Apart from that, it also shows no respect to this creation. Although the intention is to produce better species, sometimes this process is done without thinking the risk and it is just a test. Until now, there is no tested animals can survive with a good condition and it is always end with suffer and death. Our scientists now are even smart and they are working on it but human’s power is not same as God. We can copy what we have but we can’t make it 100 percent or make it even better. However, this is an effort that scientists shouldn’t stop as this effort has been done for decades. What we can get from this is the extension of knowledge and for our future leaders to produce better species. The group involved has to be concerned about this creation and make the best in every test.

Sunday, August 31, 2008

My view about Introduction to Literacy(IL)

What is Introduction to Literacy?

      I am taking Introduction to Literacy (IL) for this semester. IL is one of the core courses that every student of Information of Communication Technology (ICT) must take. The credit hours for this subject are 3. Other credit hours are 11. So the total of my credit hours for this semester are 14. 

    IL is a scope of knowledge that covered several chapters about Globalization, Data and knowledge Management in Every Organization, Network and Communication, Information System and also Software and Hardware and so on.

My IL book

For me, IL is an association and extension of Computer and Internet subject
It is not only about networking around the world, but also how we are connected through many ways of communication like blog, mail, chatting, and others. Communications are not only between two people but also between organizations and they can be connected live.

As for organizations, managing data and knowledge is very important as data is increasing day to day. In order to prevent loss of data, IL gives me knowledge on how data is kept and it can be access in the future. Commonly, database is used to keep data for large organization.
As data are kept time to time, these data need to be managed into different areas to apply systematically and efficiency in data organization. The areas are like Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Production/Operations Management and Human Resources.

ICT students are of course; work with computers when they are graduated. The professions in IT world are not only limited to manage database in business organizations but also other fields. For example, library system needs proper and thorough management in order to divide books into several types. Librarian and Virtual Librarian are needed to manage these variety types of books. Universities or public library for example, have librarians that have the knowledge and skilful to manage these kind of data. In addition, other organizations that need proper data management are museums, banks especially for online transactions and others. 

So, there are no reason ICT students do not have future. In fact, ICT is needed in every single field. Look how ICT influenced and control every organization in this world.  Suddenly this is how I realize how important IL is in my life. The only way to know something is to learn it with your heart, and try to love it.

Those are only my opinions about IL. Learn more and you will love IL! =)

My Dream Gadget

Well, my favourite gadgets that I have right now are my handphone and my laptop.

Let me introduce to you my stunning handphone..MOTORIZR Z3

This is the handphone that i'm using right now, MOTORIZR Z3 model. It is a Motorola slide handphone with MP3 player, 2 mega pixel camera, video, 1G memory card, bluetooth, voice dial, voice mail and lots more...I like the design.

And my absolutely gorgeous laptop..HP Compaq Presario V3000

I just bought it this year. Guys, it is seriously gorgeous, with Intel Core 2 Duo, 2G RAM, Windows Vista, widescreen, Altec Lansing speaker, scratch resistant, I mean wow! I never dream to get this! Pretty good huh? Thanks to my mum and dad..hehe

Finally, my dream gadget is...

Fantastic design..'Apple Iphone 3G'. Actually it is a PDA handphone. It's special features are:

  • 3.5-inch (diagonal) widescreen Multi-Touch display
  • 480-by-320-pixel resolution at 163 ppi
  • Support for display of multiple languages and characters simultaneously
  • Audio formats supported: AAC, Protected AAC, MP3, MP3 VBR, Audible (formats 2, 3, and 4), Apple Lossless, AIFF, and WAV
  • 8GB or 16GB flash drive
  • Video formats supported: H.264 video, up to 1.5 Mbps, 640 by 480 pixels, 30 frames per second
  • 2.0 megapixels camera
  • Mac computer with USB 2.0 port
  • and lots more..

I really into this PDA handphone. After all, hope I will make it mine one day!